The other three sections include state-of-the-art essays on a range of topics from history, literary studies, and the social sciences, treating both specific traditions and relations among Americans of various Asian ancestries.
Archetypes, according to Jung, are "primordial images"; the "psychic residue" of repeated types of experience in the lives of very ancient ancestors which are inherited in the "collective unconscious" of the human race and are expressed in myths, religion, dreams, and private fantasies, as well as in the works of literature (Abrams, p.
New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2001
The black press is a critical—but often ignored—aspect of African American history and culture. Along with churches, political and service organizations, cultural institutions, and schools and universities, the black press has been central to community formation, protest and advocacy, education and literacy, and economic self-sufficiency. Since the earliest known black-owned and published newspaper, , was founded in the 1827, the black press has provided a public sphere for an aggrieved community barred from mainstream channels of discourse. These publications disseminated African Americans’ ideas, accomplishments, and cultural products within their communities and to the rest of the world. The black press did not always follow the transformation of the mainstream press from a strictly partisan institution to a mass medium governed by ideals of objectivity. African American journalism has played a dual role, serving as of purveyors of news and information and as agents of social change. The black press has always been a source of black American political power, and even among the most commercial ventures, it is a defender of shared values and interests. The story of these institutions is one of ever-present challenges—to secure financial resources and to fend off public and private efforts to silence or control them. Many of the most influential figures in African American history and thought including scholars, activists, entrepreneurs, religious leaders, novelists, and poets circulated through the black press as editors, publishers, artists, and correspondents. For the purposes of this essay, the black press is defined as daily and weekly newspapers and magazines published by and for African Americans. The unifying feature of the periodicals discussed in this resource guide is an emphasis on news and information; their primary content is journalism and critical commentary rather than arts and entertainment. This is a loose definition, at best—much of the black press regularly publishes literary and artistic production, and fashion magazines may include news and interviews, for example. Overlaps in form and content have characterized black print culture from pamphlets and broadsides in the 19th century to the blogs and online journals of the Internet age. This discussion may gesture to some of these forms, but this is a review of scholarship that is concerned with the black press as journalism.