Add one six ounce bag to the dough.

It was then passed, in sequence, to a series of men who cut the dough, moulded it into shape, stamped it, split it into two biscuits, arranged it on a peel and 'shot' it into the oven to bake."
---, Janet MacDonald [Stackpole Books:Mechanicsburg PA] 2004 (p.

It is up to the baker to decidewhat type of chocolate chips should be used.

Roll thin, ona floured board, cut in squares, sprinkle sugar and cinnamon on top and bake."
---"Domestic Science," Emma Paddock Telford, Los Angeles Times, July 14, 1907 (p.

Stir them in by hand,and if wanted, add one-half cup of chopped nuts.

Space them evenly apart so the cookies will not bake together.

These econmical, nutritious, belly-filling dishesprovided energy needed by hard working people.]"Oatcakes made from oats (in the form of oatmeal), salt, and water, sometimes with a little fatadded, werethe staple food of the inhabitants of the Pennines and the Lake District in England and of theScottishHighlands for centuries.

According to the , the term "biscuit" debuted in the 14th century.


"Crunchy Lemon Squares

[About 2 dozen]
1/2 cup shortening
1/2 cup confectoners' sugar
2 egg yolks
1 cup all-purpose flour
2 teaspoons grated lemon peel
2 egg whites
1/2 cup sugar
1 tablespoon lemon juice
1/2 cup chopped nuts
Cream shortening; gradually add sugar and blend until mixture is light and fluffy.

Primary definition here:"Biscuit: 1.

"Lemon squares.

1 cup Gold Medal Flour
1/2 cup butter or margarine
1/4 cup confectioners' sugar
2 eggs
1 cup granulated sugar
1/2 tsp.

In Scotland the usual name for a baker's plain bun; in U.S.

(2) Even though this recipe is called "squares" it is included in the section on "bar cookies."Traditional barcookies cooked in a shallow pan and cut after baking.

Smith editor [OxfordUniversity Press:New York] 2004, Volume 1 (p.

Food historians do not credit a specific person/place with theinvention of"bar cookies." Presumably the practice evolved from earlier recipes, most notably brownies andfudge.

Sweet biscuits had previously been imported from England.

Baking pan.
Finely chop and set aside 1/2 cup (about 2 oz.) Pecans
Measure and set aside 1 cup sifted flour
Cream together 1/2 cup shortening, 2 teaspoons grated lemon peel
Add gradually, creaming until fluffy after each addition 1/2 cup sifted confectioners' sugar
Add gradually, beating thoroughly after each addition 2 egg yolks, beaten
Mixing until well blended after each addition, add flour in fourths to creamed mixture.

Sugar Wafers." ---display ad, [MA] January 11, 1878 (p.

Meanwhile, beat until frothy 2 egg whites
Add gradually, beating well after each addition 1/2 cup sugar
Continue beating until rounded peaks are formed and egg whites do not slide when bowl ispartially inverted.
Fold in the chopped pecans and 1 tablespoon lemon juice.