Dr. Charles Drew was born and raised in Washington, DC, where he attended the best of the city's African-American schools. Although he was only an average student, his outstanding athletic performance at Dunbar High School earned him a scholarship to Amherst College, where he became a football and track legend. He received his AB in 1926 and, inspired to pursue a medical career, worked two years as an athletic director and biology instructor at Baltimore's Morgan College to earn money for medical school. At the McGill University College of Medicine in Montréal, Canada, he became a star student and, once again, a star athlete, winning Canadian championships in several sports. He received his MD and CM (Master of Surgery) in 1933, graduating third in a class of 137. During his internship and residency at Montréal General Hospital, he explored blood transfusion and other fluid replacement treatments for shock.
The National Library of Medicine, a component of the National Institutes of Health, in collaboration with the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center at Howard University, announces the release of an extensive selection from the papers of African-American surgeon Charles R. Drew (1904-1950), who organized and directed America's first large-scale blood bank during the early years of World War II, on the Library's Profiles in Science® Web site ().
Charles R. Drew: Athlete, Surgeon, Innovator, Mentor!
Charles Richard Drew (1904-1950) was an American medical doctor and surgeon who started the idea of a and a system for the long-term preservation of blood plasma (he found that plasma kept longer than whole blood).