You’ve probably seen evidence of these different learning styles in your own classroom. But how can you differentiate instruction to meet the needs of different types of learners? To help you visualize how teaching to multiple intelligences might look, read this vignette excerpted from the book
The formulation of the proposed model was, however, not dictated by the availability of methodology. It involved the theoretical integration of existing research findings from various schools of thought; an intuitive process; the application of task analytic procedures; and a combination of the multivariable factor analytic design with the classical single variable design within the framework of the analysis of variance technique.
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According to Merriam-Webster (2014), “Intelligence: the ability to learn or understand things or to deal with new or difficult situations.” Howard Gardner first publishes his own view of intelligence in his book Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (1983)....
The Mind as the Software of the Brain
The degree of awareness that can be regarded as a third dimension, is largely implied by the metacognitive and general or rule, poles of the two dimensions. Awareness is, however, an individualised phenomenon reflecting the “degree of intelligence” (as a descriptive concept) involved in processing activities. On a subconscious level awareness can, for example, be reflected by the degree of openness to intuitive insights and on a general or rule, level, by an analytical approach.
Intelligence and Intentionality
The generalisation hypothesis seems to be an appropriate explanation of many of the research findings: There is the possibility that subjects simply generalise from previous experience. Various research studies have verified this by indicating that the content and direction of reasoning processes are highly stimulus bound. Evidence for formal logical competence is surprisingly lacking. This finding contradicts Piaget’s view of adult intelligence as logical. It does, however, fully support Allport’s view that the nature of cognition is content specific.
Cognition: Theory, Measurement, Implications - …
As with most constructs in intelligence research, the concept of reasoning has been described in various ways and by representatives of different disciplines, which even include economists and mathematicians. These two disciplines both stress the role of decision making through reasoning and could well have relevance for psychology (Evans, 1982).
Table 1: The four levels/modes of processing
The term problem solving thus encompasses a vast range of individual and collective, as well as conscious and subconscious types of behaviour. The literature dealing with problem solving in psychology, however, generally appears as a subsection of the larger body of research on intelligence. Various emphases in the investigation of problem solving can be traced historically. The analysis of problem solving processes was first carried out by Gestalt psychologists, Behaviourists and Associationists (Greeno, 1985).