The Jaina tradition has existed in tandem with Hinduism in India since at least 800 BCE. Whereas the Hindu faith looks to the Vedas for texts and rituals and to the Brahman caste for religious leadership, the Jainas developed their own sacred texts (including the Acaranga Sutra, ca. 300 BCE) and follow the authority of itinerant monks and nuns who wander throughout India preaching the essential principles and practices of the faith. As indicated above, Hinduism includes both monistic and dualistic theologies, with several variations of each. Jainas ascribe to the belief in plural lifeforms populating a storied universe with hell beings at the base, humans and animals in the middle region, with gods and goddesses in the upper or heavenly domains. The goal within Jainism is to ascend to the Siddha Loka, a world beyond heaven and earth, where all the liberated souls dwell eternally in a state of energy, consciousness, and bliss. Although this goal utterly removes one from all worldly entanglements, the path to reach this highest attainment entails great care in regard to how one lives in relationship to all the other living beings that surround one in the earthly realm. Hence, from the aspect of practice, Jainism holds some interesting potential for ecological thinking, though its final goal transcends earthly (or earthy) concerns.
The current worldwide ecological crisis has only emerged during the past four decades and its effects have been felt within South Asia more recently. As the region copes with decreasing air quality in its cities and degraded water in various regions, religious thinkers and activists have begun to reflect on how the broader values of Hindu tradition might contribute to fostering greater care for the earth. Gandhi’s advocacy of simple living through the principles of nonviolence (ahimsa) and holding to truthfulness (satyagraha) could give some Hindus pause as they consider the lifestyle changes engendered by contemporary consumerism. Most of the Hindu population lives within villages that, barring natural disasters such as flood or drought, are self-sustaining and use resources sparingly. However, as the population of South Asia increases, and as the modern lifestyle continues to demand consumer goods, the balance of sustainability can shatter. With appreciation and acknowledgment of the five great elements, with a new interpretation of social duty (dharma) expanded to include the ecological community, and with remembrance of its ethic of abstemiousness, the Hindu tradition can develop new modalities for caring for the earth.
Hindu Religious Traditions - WriteWork
This entry provides an overview of the topics and discussions inscience and religion. Section 1 outlines the scope of both fields, andhow they are related. Section 2 looks at the relationship betweenscience and religion in three religious traditions, Christianity,Islam, and Hinduism. Section 3 discusses contemporary topics ofscientific inquiry in which science and religion intersect, focusingon creation, divine action, and human origins. Section 4 concludes bylooking at a few future directions of the study of science andreligion.
Ardh Kumbh is a Hindu religious gathering held every six years
Hinduism developed entirely in the Indian subcontinent. Hence, it is deeply ingrained in the culture of India, which is also unique, despite that it is shaped by many ethnic groups and rural communities who practiced primitive faiths and local traditions, which are today integrated into Hinduism. Unlike other religions, its doctrine is not derived from a single scripture, teacher, messenger or single source. It has no central institution which controls its doctrine or practice. It has not core mission other than helping the people escape from suffering.
Religions | The Pluralism Project
During last centuries the list of most popular and widespread religions did not change significantly. The top five of religious teachings contained the same religions over last thousand years. The third place in this list is by right occupied by Hinduism, an eastern religious and philosophical tradition with long and vivid history. The amount of Hinduism followers nowadays exceeds one billion people all over the world. Moreover, this quantity is increasing constantly as for more and more people nowadays choose to follow this ancient philosophical study.
Hindu Philosophy | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
As every religion in the world Hinduism has its sacred elements. They play an important role in the philosophy of Hindu religious tradition. However in order to understand the meaning and the significance of sacred components of Hinduism we should first realize its major direction and principle. Hinduism is rather complex religion and like almost all the eastern philosophies it mostly addresses human spirit than mind and soul. The major principles of this religion make rather vast system of knowledge hence it is not easy to describe them on several pages. However, the main thesis of Hinduism is briefly expressed in the following mantra (ritual religious prayer): “OM Lead me from falsehood to truth, from darkness to light, from death to immortality.” OM is divine and sacred word that expresses the purity of mantra. With other words Hinduism (or Sanatana Dharma) venerates the Soul of All that exists everywhere, including every person, animal, plant, and thing. This Soul, as well as human soul, is immortal and eternal. Each of the Hindu religious traditions includes common beliefs in Dharma (kind of law to follow), Karma (actions of people that make up their life), Reincarnation (ability of soul to born again), and Moksha (salvation or Nirvana). The major goal in Hindu religion is to seek for Brahman, the Spirit of All, or the Cosmic Spirit.