This page describes the correct format for in-text citations in MLA:

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

If the author's name is included in the text of the sentence where the citation takes place

Because you have not viewed Chi, Pirolli, and Pitkow, it only appears in the in-text citation, not in the reference list. The secondary source (Lazar, 2006) should be listed in the reference list, according to the for that type of source.


the in-text citation contains basic information about the source:

An in-text citation looks like this:

Summary: MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.


MLA in-text citation - OWLL - Massey University

No DOI? Find the magazine's homepage.
Do a Web search (using a search engine such as Google or Yahoo!) to find the address of the homepage of the journal that published the article and include it in your citation (). Please be aware, however, that the full text of articles may not actually be available at the journal homepage.

APA in-text citation - OWLL - Massey University

In some sources no individual or group author is listed. This is often true for magazine / newspaper articles and encyclopædia entries. In these situations, a shortened version of the source's title (often only one or two words) is used instead of the author in the in-text citation:

1. How to use in-text citation in their research essay.

When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, like so (00:02:15-00:02:35).

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In this circumstance, a shortened version of the title (usually the first few words) is added to the in-text citation to distinguish the different sources:

Where does the period go in an MLA in-text citation

An in-text citation is needed whenever you have used information, ideas, concepts, or facts from another source. If you have or another author, you need to provide an in-text citation.