What are block quotations and how are they handled?

Again, your goal is to attribute your source and provide your reader with a reference without interrupting your text. Your readers should be able to follow the flow of your argument without becoming distracted by extra information.

Block quotes are indented by one inch, and should be used sparingly.

All entries are alphabetical by author’s or editor’s name. Do not distinguish between primary and secondary sources, or by types of sources. The format of the citation indicates the type of source.


How do I punctuate shorter quotations?

Do I use a comma or a colon to introduce a quotation?

Author of work. “Title of Work.” Title of Anthology. Ed. of Anthology. Publisher: Place of Publication, date of publication. Page numbers.


If my source quotes somebody else, how do I indicate this?

Use these VERY RARELY. A great speech or famous quote mightjustify using a direct quote over four lines. To do this skip a line,indent five spaces on both sides of the quote, single space and useitalics. Place the citation on the next line to the lower right ofthe quote. Go to the next line and then continue with your paper. DONOT USE QUOTATION MARKS.

When you have a quotation within a quotation, handle it this way:

If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.

Deadline to submit for 2019 convention

The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public. If there is more than one publisher, and they are all are relevant to your research, list them in your citation, separated by a forward slash (/).

ADE Executive Committee meeting

Note the following. The first sentence is neither a paraphraseor a quote. It is the writers own words. The writer is introducingand placing the Cousteau quote into context.

Committee on Honors and Awards meeting

What Lincoln was saying was that those that died had died for acause. They had died to preserve the Union and to keep the UnitedStates together (67 - 68).

Program copy and audiovisual requests for 2019 convention due

The importance of the sea to the environment of theearth cannot be underestimated. "The Antarctic is the vast source ofcold on our planet, just as the sun is the source of our heat, and itexerts tremendous control on our climate (Cousteau 17)."