Cardell-Oliver, Dame Florence – (1876 – 1965)
Australian politician and civic leader
Born Annie Florence Gillies Wilson (May 11, 1876) at Stawell in Victoria, she was married to Dr Cardell-Oliver to whom she bore two sons, and travelled extensively, both within Australia and abroad before becoming involved with women’s suffrage activities. Whilst resident in Perth, Cardell-Oliver became closely associated with the Nationalist Party women’s movement in Western Australia, and through that, with the international movement for female suffrage. Just prior to the age of sixty, she decided to enter politics, proved successful, and served as the member of the Legislative Assembly for Subiaco, which seat she represented for two decades (1936 – 1956).
Particularly noted for her anti-communist stance, and such was her concern for child welfare, that she was appointed as an honorary Cabinet minister (1947), the first Australian woman to ever be to be appointed. When she changed political allegiance and went over to the Liberals, she held various portfolios, including supply and health and shipping. She was successful in introducing free milk for schoolchildren. Appointed DBE (Dame Commander of the British Empire) for her contributions to public welfare, Dame Florence was a member of the Victorian League and of the Royal Institute of Great Britain. Dame Florence Cardell-Oliver died (Jan 12, 1965) aged eighty-eight, in Perth.
Cressy-Marks, Violet Olivia – (1895 – 1970)
British traveller and author
Born Violet Rutley into a comfortable background, she was married twice and retained the surname of her first husband. Mrs Cressy-Marks travelled extensively throughout the world, usually on her own. Her interest included archaeology, ethnology and zoology and she published two works Up the Amazon and Over the Andes (1932) and Journey into China (1940) which dealt with her experiences as a war correspondent.
Caecilia Metella see Metella, Caecilia
Crawford, Anne – (1920 – 1956)
Born Imelda Crawford (Nov 22, 1920) in Haifa, Palestine, she received her education abroad in Scotland and in France, and began her career on the stage. She was married (1939 – 1956) to James Hartley, but had an affair with the producer, Wallace Douglas. She died tragically young in London, of leukaemia (Oct 17, 1956), aged only thirty-five. Crawford made her movie debut in uncredited roles in films such as Prison Without Bars (1938), and They Flew Alone (1942). Other credits included, The Dark Tower (1943), Two Thousand Women (1944), where she played Margaret Long, Caravan (1946) where she played Oriana Camperdene, Bess Stanforth in, Daughter of Darkness (1947), It’s Hard To Be Good (1948), Lady Brasted in The Blind Goddess (1948), Tony Draws a Horse (1950), Street Corner (1953) and Knights of the Round Table (1953). Her last role was in the television series Opportunity Murder (1956).
Campana di Cavelli, Marchesa see Rowles, Emily
Cardigan, Adeline Louisa Maria de Horsey, Countess of – (1824 – 1915)
British adventuress and memoirist
Adeline Louisa de Horsey was born (Dec 24, 1824) in Berkeley Square, London, the daughter of Spencer Horsey de Horsey, Member of Parliament, and his wife Lady Louisa Maria Rous, the daughter of John Rous, first Earl of Stradbroke. Exquisitely beautiful, her marriage with to the Spanish Bourbon prince, the Conde de Montemolin was announced in Feb, 1849, but was later cancelled by Adeline herself. Her intimacy with the military hero James Brudenell, seventh earl of Cardigan (1797 – 1868) during the lifetime of his first wife, Elizabeth Tollemache, led Adeline to leave her father’s house, and she was cut by respectable society. However, the couple finally married (1858) in Gibraltar. Childless, she later remarried (1873) to Antonio Manuelo, Count de Lancastre-Saldanha. Her use of the Lancastre title whilst travelling offended Queen Victoria who herself used the title of ‘Countess of Lancaster’ when she was travelling incognito. Her memoirs were entitled My Recollections (1909), but were considered scandalous, untruthful, and defamatory. Her portrait was painted by Richard Buckner. Lady Cardigan died (May 25, 1915) aged ninety.