Ibid referencing websites in essays

Available through: Anglia Ruskin University Library website
For an open access e-book freely available over the internet such as through Google books

The required elements for a reference are:

Author, Initials., Year.

At the end of your essay, place a list of the references you have cited in the text

If you're a student and have ever had to write Reports, Essays or a Thesis, you will have had to reference what you have used in your report. If you mention something that someone else has written, you need to give them credit by referencing their work.


Referencing in academic essays - Make It To The Mat

Therefore, you need to ensure that you reference your sources - essentially giving credit to the person whom you are citing.



According to Cormack (1994, pp.32-33), writers should be encouraged to reference published research when addressing professional readership.
An indirect reference


A citation must verify the statement in the text



When using an image from a book or journal article, to provide enhancement within an essay or a PowerPoint presentation, an in text reference should be included within the essay text or on the slide, and a full reference included at the end of the piece of work.

In-text

To verify the statement "Mike Brown climbed Mt

Even a popular article orinformalessay, if it's well written, will give the source's name at thebeginningof every reference, although it probably won't have footnotes or abibliography.

Everest", you cannot rely on a general reference about Mt

These can be accessed on the University website under the section for the Academic Office.

How do I print this guide?
You can open and print individual sections
(.pdf)
(.pdf)

Additional help
We have also produced a (.pdf) which covers the basics of Harvard Referencing.